History of Ice Hockey
The earliest record on the ice hockey was on some Dutch publications in 17th century. The gentlemen were skating with a round cake on the icy river in a pair of shoes tied a bone edge. In the early 19th century, there started to be some records of a similar game played by a Canadian, Micmac Indians. What he used were sticks and round cakes. Yet another argument is that ice hockey was originated from an ancient American sport lacrosse. However, the most widespread and also widely accepted is that the ice hockey evolved from the hockey, which originated in northern Europe and has more than 500 years of history. The British soldiers resided in Canada introduced the sport in North America.
On December 25, 1885, the first ice hockey game was held in Kingston of Canada. Later in 1858, this sport was spread to Europe. The disk-shaped ice hockey of rubber ran into Canada in 1860. On March 3, 1875, the first official ice hockey game was held on Victoria Rink in Montreal, Canada between two teams of McGill University. At that time, each team had 30 players on the court at the same time. In 1879, one student, W.F. Robertson and one professor, R.F. Smith of this university jointly developed the rules of the contest. Thus, every team had 9 people ever since.
In Canada, ice hockey quickly became the most popular item. In 1885, the first Amateur Hockey Association was formed, and then every hockey lover could join them. However, the unreasonable was that the association was collecting certain fee from the amateur enthusiasts. When coming to this stage, the athletes began to use more protective gears to ensure the safety of the body, such as the goalkeeper started the shin plate and mask.
Later, the ice hockey quickly swept every corner of the United States and Europe. In 1893, the Canadian ice hockey team offered a show for the first time in the United States. Later in 1902, the first European Ice Hockey Club was established in Switzerland the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace was formed in Paris, but now its name is the International Ice Hockey Federation, whose headquarter is in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1910, the first European Ice Hockey Championship was hosted and the British won. Seven years later, the NHL was set up, but there were only six teams until 1967. In recent years, the NHL has already become the world's league of highly successful professionalization and commercialization.
In 1912, Canadian National Hockey Association firstly created the six-a-play and it is still used by IIHF. The NHL's influence is also growing. As the importance of NBA to the world's basketball, the Stanley Cup of the United States Hockey League has also become a legendary honor. In addition, it has been honorable enough to be one of the significant akegeesports.