The Origin And Development of Ice Hockey
Ice hockey, which is the speediest ball movement in the world, is a ball movement on ice with the athlete wearing special equipment and hitting the ball with a cue in hand. The one who hits more balls to the opponent's goal is the winner.
Ice hockey is a sport integrated of technology and tactic of football, hockey and speed skating.
Ice hockey requires the athlete having quick still skills, proficient skills of skating, and teamwork consciousness. It is a akegeesport of stronger confrontation.
The history of hockey:
The earliest record of hockey appeared in publications in Dutch in 17th century. It said that gentlemen wore a pair of blade skates ground by bones, and they skated on iced river with a pie. In the early years of the 19th century, it was recorded that people in Micmac Indians in Canada was playing a similar game, and what they used was sticks and wood pie. Another theory said that ice hockey originated in Canada in the middle of the 19th century, and it had a history of a hundred years. There was a popular ice game in Kingston in Canada, whose player had to tie ice blade to feet with stick in hand. They needed to chase after wooden hockey and hit it on the frozen lake face. At that time, participants and facilities were unlimited, and only two wood were set to be as goal, this was the predecessor of the modern hockey.
The first hockey competition was held on December 25th, 1855, in Kingston, Canada.
In 1858 the sport spread to Europe, and Canada began to use round hockey of rubber in 1860.
On March 3, 1875 the first official ice hockey game was held in Montreal in Canada, and both the two teams belonged to McGill University. At that time, each team had 30 players on the pitch.
In 1879, the student W.F.Robertson and professor R.F.Smith of McGill University in Canada jointly established rules, and they ruled that each team only can have 9 players.
In 1885, the first amateur hockey association was established, and each hockey lover could attend them. But what unreasonable was that, the association imposed certain expenses on the amateurs. When developing to this stage, athletes began to use more equipment to protect themselves, for example, the goalkeeper used a plate to guard legs and also wore a mask.
For the first time the hockey team of Canada went for America for a show in 1893.
In 1902, the first hockey club was set up in Switzerland, Europe.
In 1908, the international hockey league appeared in Paris, headquartered in Vienna, Austria's capital.
In 1920, hockey movement was listed as a game project in the 7th Olympic Games. The first winter Olympic Games was held in France in 1924, and the Canadian won the game with absolute superiority.
In 1910, the first European Hockey Championship was held, and the British were the winner. Seven years later, American Hockey League (NHL) was established, and only 6 teams entered the game until 1967. In recent years, NHL has become a very successful league match of being both professional and commercial.
From 1924 to 1953, Canadian ice hockey was on top in the world. In 1954, the Soviet Union team beat Canada, being the champion of the 21st World Hockey Championship. Therefore, exclusive advantages of Canadian hockey were broken.